Posts Tagged ‘Mike Kelly football’

It has been very rare over my career when running an offense, have we broken the huddle or aligned on the line of scrimmage in the same configuration we executed the play from when not using a quick snap count.  The early teachings of the true Tubby Raymond Delaware Wing-T had a tremendous effect on my way of thinking in terms of creating flank advantages, coverage declaration, personnel mismatches, flow deception, and series recognition.  I was taught, “if we shift one and they move two, we win…and it we shift two and they move four, we win even more”!

When I first entered the Canadian Football League in 1992 viewing six men in motion, two moving laterally and four attacking the line of scrimmage, it unleashed a flood of new opportunity to assist the quarterback in pre-snap reads and enhanced releases by the receivers and running backs.  When I entered the XFL, they allowed for one in lateral motion with another in horizontal motion. It was no mistake that in the 2001 XFL Championship Play-offs, three of the four remaining teams had offensive coordinators that at one time had been OC’s in the CFL (Joe PaoPao in San Francisco, Jim Barker in Los Angeles, and me in Orlando).  We knew how to attack the line of scrimmage and create advantages before crossing it with quarterbacks that were tuned in to defensive reactions.

United States high schools, NCAA/NAIA, and the National Football League only allow singular lateral pre-snap motion but so much can be told prior to the snap by using all your skilled players in the shifting of formation and motion.  Motion will assist a spread offense in a variety of ways.  See how these suggestions can enhance your concepts.

Here are some advantages to think about when motion is employed by the slot(s) and backs:

  1. Gives the quarterback a pre-snap read determining man or zone concepts
  2. Improves releases
  3. May cause the defense to show blitz early
  4. Improves the “hot” and dump read
  5. Assists in creating advantageous blocking angles
  6. Removes defenders from the point of attack

Extended motion by the slots and backfield allows a change in formation and should answer these questions:

  1. Does it cause man coverage problems?
  2. Does it assist in flooding a zone?
  3. Will it make the offensive play more successful?
  4. Will it improve the performance of the executing player?
  5. Will it make the job easier?

We will also use our wide outs in motion simply by shifting the slot onto the LOS and stepping the WR off and then executing movement.  The slots and wide outs must think:

  1. Can I take the strong safety away from the point of attack?  (POA)
  2. Can I enlarge the hole at the POA to make blocking easier for myself and my teammates?
  3. Can I release more easily on pass routes or blocking down field on either an outside or inside release?
  4. Can I make them show blitz early?
  5. Can I force the coverage shell to declare early for recognition of the middle of the field open (MOFO) or middle of the field closed (MOFC)?  This is important for “sight adjusting” our routes and declaring how many men will be in the box.

Running backs must be cognizant of:

  1. Does the outside linebacker follow me?
  2. Does my movement change the defensive front?
  3. Can I achieve a better “hot” or dump read?
  4. Is the FS assigned to me creating cover 0?

Provide a motion “name” for each position.  A “named” movement will speak specifically to the player you desire to change the strength of formation, balance the formation, create three receivers to a side, or simply to enhance the release or create a diversion.

  1. H/B-back = Ram/right      Lion/left  (the suffix ‘STOP’ will extend him outside of the WR and settle)
  2. A-back = Ray/right        Lil/left     (the suffix ‘STOP’ will extend him outside of the WR and settle)
  3. Y-slot or a TE depending on the personnel group = Rip/right      Liz/left
  4. S-left slot or slot in a TE personnel group = Rose/right      Load/left
  5. Z-right wide out = Lex/left (suffix ‘IT’ extends his motion across the mid-line (past the QB) releasing outside the tackle predetermined by the pattern requirement
  6. X-left wide out = Rex/right (suffix ‘IT’ extends his motion across the mid-line (past the QB) releasing outside the tackle predetermined by the pattern requirement
  7. The suffix ‘RETURN’ begins you in the called direction and brings you back to assist the QB in a pre-snap read and an easier release

Communication and keeping calls as simple as possible is always a challenge.  Over the years, using this type of named approach has proven to be very efficient and as you develop it and cultivate it into your vernacular you will find you can shift formation and use movement to create advantages for your offense.

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The mandate of an offensive attack is to dictate that the opponent defends the entire dimensions of the field.  Over the next few posts I will provide a basis for the spread attack providing variations for you to consider and implement into your current scheme.  Formationing, motion, personnel, blocking schemes in protection and the run game, and launch point differentials will be explored.

There is no question that the Hal Mumme/Mike Leach scheme has become extremely trendy and the Rich Rodriguez tailoring of the zone read option to Manny Matsakis and his tripleshoot have changed the way we think about offensive football, to name a few.

Exploring variations of the spread to fit your personnel is paramount.  Simply deploying a scheme that works for someone else does not necessarily translate into success for your squad without the proper skill sets of your players.

When putting together your approach, a reason for it must be considered.  Remember that a system should appear complicated enough in conflict to the defense but is easily implemented as a solid base attack to build from.  Ask yourself and your staff, “why use a spread attack”?

I am going to provide a bit of a differing approach than that of the aforementioned coaches yet there are definitely similarities in all our philosophical approaches.  The biggest of course that we all spread the field and push the clock but I’m going to provide you with a few things to consider to modify what these highly successful coaches have been able to accomplish.  The key to remember is that at the collegiate and professional levels, you can recruit to your system.  As a high school coach you will not always have the luxury of having the players to fit those schemes precisely.  My hope is to give you something to modify the scheme so that your kids have an opportunity to experience success and that is what coaching is ultimately all about.

For a run and pass offense to complement one another, they should operate from the same offensive sets.  Formations must force the defense to cover the width of the field without sacrificing the run game and that is why I used a two back/three wide receiver grouping (four wides in the CFL) so often to provide a direct conflict to the defensive thinking.

The three wide receiver set dictates a philosophy that widens the windows in coverage schemes while reducing opportunities for the defense to put eight in the box.  By spreading the formation it allows for full expression of the route combination forcing the defenders to expand in coverage across the field while providing the quarterback with a distinct view of the patterns and the coverage.

Two back sets are required to truly effectively run the football.  It provides a solid inside zone scheme allowing for the “downhill” attack of the defensive front as compared to the slower developing lateral run schemes.  Two backs strengthen the flank attack with lead blockers and extenuate the play action pass attack as every run has an accompanying pass.  Two backs will also create personnel mismatches in the pass game as motion will remove defenders from the box placing them in open space where they are less comfortable and continuing to provide a run threat with a ball carrier other than the quarterback still in the backfield.  The use of a hybrid fullback/tight end or “H” back is what we looked for to compliment the featured tailback motioning out to create new flanks or staying in the box as a run blocker and occasional carrier.  Part of the package included two true tailbacks which provided conflict in the double screen concept and in the broom sweep from the slot, to name a few variations.

Often this vitally important aspect of the program is an after-thought.  This position can virtually be placed anywhere in your roster building after quarterback.  These young men have more pressure, scorn, ridicule, and lack of respect directed towards them that in a moment of a single contact of foot to ball, can turn them into heroes.  More than any position on your roster, they are taken for granted and are expected to be 100% each time they trot onto the field.

The “talking heads”  continue to make comments when a kicker or punter is drafted in the fourth round or higher and will be the first to comment if a team plays a game and is consistently losing the field position battle or a missed extra point or field goal is the difference in the score of the game.

Many programs recruit these players as “walk-ons” with the promise that if they win the competition in camp or spring ball, scholarship funding will be made available.  A pro player struggles in a game or two and the next thing that happens is competition is brought in and the player has to compete during the course of the week.  They can be the most under-coached or over-coached players in the program. Yet always, they are expected to be perfect when called upon.  After-all, it’s all they have to do, right?

Extenuate the positive with these men.  Build them up and let them know that you believe in them.  They NEVER mean to miss a kick or shank a punt…NEVER…so show them you care and empathise.  Send your recruiters and scouts out on the road with these tools in mind and find the right:

                                                                        KICKER/PUNTER

HANDS                          Type: soft, stiff, eye/hand coördination, extends hands to the snap or body catch, adjust to bad snap, is punter the holder for PAT/FG

GET-OFF                       PUNTER – 2 or 3 step, distance covered/time, snap = 0.8 seconds or less, tough to toe = 1.4 seconds or less, launch = 2.2 seconds or less     KICKER  – 1.3 seconds or less on snap, pin, to contact

LEG STRENGTH        Distance, explosion into the ball

HANG TIME                 Height of ball on punts and kick-offs (check for cover patterns on tape to determine hang time, ie. on kick-off cover the team should be across the 30 yard line when the ball is caught by the returner)

HANDLE WIND         Against wind, with wind, cross wind, can he “drive” the football

ACCURACY                  Leg control, placement, field goal percentage for kickers

PRESSURE                  Game intensity, rush, bad snap (hand and adjust to kick), general demeanor, composure

TACKLE                        Cover ability, courage, willingness to be the last line of defense

RUN/PASS                   Bonus, check high school positions played, athletic ability, other sports played

PRODUCTION            Statistics, opportunities, does he get the job done, consistency

MECHANICS               Smooth and fluid, consistent, athletic, flexibility, extension, plant foot, drop

NOTE:                             Soccer style or straight on conventional (the last conventional kicker drafted in the NFL was my good friend and fellow coach Manny Matsakis by the Philadelphia Eagles), shoe or barefoot (am I dating myself?), right or left footed

                                                                     CRITICAL FACTORS  

Leg Strength, Accuracy, Distance, Production

We can have discussions that will go on and on with this position being listed last as we build our roster and this decision is solely based on past experiences and schemes most employed.  The “power forward” basketball type athlete that is now emerging in this spot is very intriguing.  Big, agile, strong, and possessing field awareness utilizing court presence with the understanding of running away from man and sitting in zone have made these athletes a hot commodity.

I have been known to use more of a “spread” set running a “loose wing-T” with three backs and two wides, our version of spread with two backs and three wides and single back with four wides.  In the Canadian Football League I believe utilizing a tight end is an effort in futility as you need to exploit the additional width (a CFL field is 65 yards yard as compared to an American field which is 53 yards) using two back/four wides or single back/five wides (again, the CFL utilizes 12 men while the U.S. game plays with 11).  Even in U.S. football, I have been a proponent in short yardage to go four wides with a single back in motion.  If a LB runs with the back and removes himself from the box, the QB sneaks.  If the LB stays in the box, we turn and deliver to the back in open space.  Placing 22 or 24 men in a five yard box simply has not proven beneficial in our experience.

That being said, the essence of coaching is providing your players with an opportunity to experience success in a scheme that fits the available player’s skill sets.  As a coordinator and a head coach only one time in my career (with the Orlando Rage of the XFL) did we possess the players at the tight end position that truly made an impact on the scheme.  When Coach Joe Gibbs returned to the Washington Redskins in 2004, a premium was placed on the tight end position and we were activated in the Pro Personnel department to find as many tight ends or over-sized fullbacks as we could to fill the desired “H-back” position along with many two tight end sets.

The development to these highly skilled athletes are causing match-up advantages for the offense and create personnel grouping and formation recognition nightmares for defensive coordinators.  They are important cogs in the run game, play-action, and are vital to most red zone schemes.  Use these tools to find a game changer at the position of:

                                                                     TIGHT ENDS

RUN BLOCK INLINE                    Strength upper and lower body, base, balance, stays on feet, initial contact, works through the belt buckle up into the numbers, drive and sustain, leverage, production vs willingness, drive off the line of scrimmage (LOS) or position, secure the point of attack (POA), wall off type, type of blocks (drive, down, double, angle, cut, butt-n-cut, seal), stick and stay, push and pester, knee bend/sink hips, finish, proper footwork, arm length

SUSTAIN/FINISH                           Base, balance, body control, play strength, inline, on the move, vs DL, vs LB, effort, determination, toughness

BALANCE                                            Ability to retain body control in the execution of various techniques required of the position as a blocker and receiver, regain body control temporarily lost, lower body strength and base to stay on feet

DOWNFIELD BLOCK                   Effort, angle, adjust on the run, stay on feet, balance, cut block without lunging, zero in on a moving target and strike

HANDS                                                Type: soft, stiff, snatch, pluck, extend and make finger tip catch, body catcher, double catch, adjust to the flight of the ball and frame the throw, ability to make the tough catch, secure the ball upon contact, catch in traffic

INITIAL QUICKNESS                   Movement off the ball, first step out of stance, burst into pass routes, coming out of breaks

RELEASE                                            Escape hold-up at LOS, stance (2 or 3 point), techniques, foot quickness, agility, hip and leg drive, fake and go, head and shoulders, comes off hard every play, doesn’t get knocked off route, speed release, swim

ROUTES                                              Type of cuts; sharp, rounded, body control, gathers feet to cut, stride coming out of cuts smoothly with a burst to separate, change of pace within pattern stem, fake and cut ability, read coverage and adjust, fluid not stiff mechanical movements

SEPARATION                                   Acceleration,burst and body movement to create space from defender and get open, change of direction (COD) without wasted movement, horizontal, vertical

AWARENESS                                   Understanding to locate open area, knowledge of coverages and defenders, cognizant of first down marker, boundary, clock management

RECEIVE SHORT                           Ability to find open windows in zone coverage and settle in the biggest area, catch in a crowd, run through the catch, separate vs man to man, read coverage, awareness, cutting ability, adjust to the ball, feel for the underneath passing game

RECEIVE DEEP                               Speed to go long, vertical threat, close cushion, burst to separate, adjust to deep ball and frame throw, make over the shoulder catch, battle for a jump ball, leaping ability, timing, concentration, accelerate to the ball

REACT/ADJUST                             See and realign to the ball in flight, body control and flexibility to make the difficult catch, cradles low throw, throws behind and over-head, or any off target throw, squares shoulders and frames the throw

REACT IN A CROWD                    Courage, concentration, take a hit and maintain security of the ball, competes for the ball in traffic, between the hashes, use of body to shield off defender, provides a good target

RUN AFTER CATCH                      Athletic, determined runner, fight for yards after catch (YAC’s), open field instincts, acceleration, stop and start quickness, change of pace, weaver or darter, able to turn a short reception into a big gain, breaks tackles

                                                                   CRITICAL FACTORS

SIZE                                                       Height and weight according to chart and level of play

MENTAL                                              Football intelligence, ability to acquire and maintain knowledge, ability to thing and react during competition, normal reps, ability to assimilate strategy and to adopt prescribed solutions to different game situations

BLOCKING                                         On the LOS, second level to wall off, base, leverage, balance, sustain, finish, play strength, aggressive, effectiveness, desire

QUICKNESS                                      Ability to initiate body movement in a desired direction in a single thrust, able to move hands, arms, torso and feet in unison and rapid succession

HANDS                                                 Ability to adjust, extend and catch with hands, dependable, consistent, natural vs body catcher, makes the routine catch routinely, can make the tough catch

We’ll move over to the offensive side of the ball now as our defense is built and our special teams have a solid core.  Our quarterback is protected but we can’t leave him “flailing in the wind” as NFL Films Senior Producer Greg Cosell pontificates.  We have to get our trigger man an athlete  to compliment him that will be consistent in his pattern discipline, make the routine catch routinely, and be a play-maker.

We prefer the taller athlete.  We haven’t spoken much in terms of size requirements for each position previously discussed but this particular position we believe warrants the discussion.  Basketball athletic attributes are positives for the receiver position.  We want players that can go up and make the play at its highest point framing the throw and extending.  Individuals that are accustomed to coming out of breaks at full speed yet under-control and have a basic understanding of how to position their body to ward off a defender.  Exceptional top end speed is always a premium but we’ll sacrifice a step for height, long arms, and big hands.

Receivers are also vital to your special teams structure.  You may keep an athlete that is slightly smaller than you would prefer in your offensive corps but has return skills.  Receivers often are an asset as “gunners” on punt cover and of course you want them all out there for the onside kick return team, to mention a few.

These are the players that can electrify your offense.  These are the men that move the chains in chunks.  To evaluate these men use these tools for the position of;

                                                                        RECEIVER

HANDS                                   Type: soft, stiff, absorbing, extend and pluck, body catcher, adjust to the ball in flight, makes the difficult catch (low balls, over the shoulder, ball behind or away, general off target throw), secures the ball after the catch, concentration, size of hands

REACT/ADJUST                  See and reposition to the ball in flight, body control, frames the throw, make the difficult catch, vision, focus, tracks the ball, leaping ability, timing

INITIAL QUICKNESS       Movement off the ball, stance, starts, burst into routes, consistent off the ball, immediate pressure, close cushion

RELEASE                               Escape hold-up in press coverage, quick feet, strength to fight jam, moves and techniques, gets into route and back on course quickly, sinks hips and bursts, hip and leg drive, “foot fire” guy

STRENGTH                          Core and play strength, escape jam, gets off the line of scrimmage (LOS), stays on pattern, sturdy runner, breaks tackles, physical, durable

SEPARATION                      Acceleration and burst to leave a defender, can get over the top, creates space on out cuts, does he pull away, change of direction (COD) without wasted movement, horizontal, vertical

PLAY SPEED/TEMPO      The velocity and intensity in which the game is played, with or without the ball, efficiency in movement qualities, can he carry his pads

MOVEMENT/COD              Type of cuts; sharp, rounded, body control, stride, gathers, comes out of turn smoothly with a burst to separate, ease of movement, balance, faking and cutting ability, efficiency in movement, drop weight/sink hips, COD qualities, hard angle breaks, decisive out of breaks, lateral separation

FIELD AWARENESS          Ability to find open windows in zone coverage, reads coverage, distinguishes man vs zone, awareness of positioning on the field and game situations, adjustments at the snap, clock management, works the boundary, pattern distribution

RECEIVE SHORT                Ability to find open areas and settle, quickness to defeat man to man (run away from man/sit down in zone), catch the ball in a crowd, run through catch over the middle, cutting ability, awareness, can he or can’t he get open, pattern agility, provides a target, separation

RECEIVE LONG                  Speed to get deep, close cushion, force separation with defender, change of pace within the pattern stem, adjust to the ball in flight, over the shoulder, react to under-thrown ball, leaping ability on jump ball, acrobatic type catch, vision, concentration, vertical threat

ACCELERATION                 Burst, 2nd gear, amount of time it takes to be at top speed, ability once you’re moving to get at a higher rate of speed

IN TRAFFIC                          Courage, concentration, hold ball on contact, over the middle, big target, will battle for the ball, won’t turn down the throw, production inside the hashes, reaction in combative environment, catch in a crowd on the move

RUN ABILITY                       Athletic after catch, quickness, acceleration, elusiveness, open field instincts, change of pace, determined runner, fights for extra yards, stamina, ball security

BLOCKER                               Willingness, effort, aggressiveness, strength, adjust on the move, sustain, type of blocks (stalk, cut, crack), results

                                                                         CRITICAL FACTORS

HANDS                                    Dependable, consistent, natural vs body catcher, drops

MOVEMENT/COD               Body control, drop weight/sink hips, efficient runner, ease of movement, route agility

STRENGTH                             Functional, escapes jam, gets off the LOS, stays on routes, sturdy runner, breaks tackles, physical, durable

PLAY SPEED/TEMPO        Game speed vs 40 time, deep acceleration, burst out of breaks

RUN AFTER CATCH            Athletic with the ball in his hands, speed, quickness, instincts, production, yards after catch (YAC’s)

We continue to build the roster strengthening our defense and enhancing our special teams.  To this end, we now focus on linebackers as they are both lateral mobility and downhill players that will be your biggest play-makers.  At the high school, college, and in the Canadian Football League (because of the limited roster size), starting linebackers need to be on two special teams units, one cover and one return squad to get the most out of your roster.  In the National Football League it is not as necessary to play your starters on special teams as much but if you are in a rebuilding situation empowering a special teams unit with proven play-makers is warranted.

We have always contended that if a player becomes fatigued during the course of the game, he can regroup by taking a few plays off on defense and never on special teams.  These players are your gladiators.  They are required to be adept at both stopping the run and in coverage.  They are to hold the point and make open field tackles.  Their intelligence level and poise should be superior to any other corps on the defense as they will adjust calls and disguise alignment responsibilities.  These men are tough and hard-nosed.  They are:

                                                                            LINEBACKERS

KEY & DIAGNOSE                              Recognition and reaction to run/pass, nose for the ball, react immediately to key vs play action and misdirection, football aptitude, calls signals, makes adjustment calls

INSTINCTS                                            Natural ability to find the ball and make plays, anticipation

WARD OFF/SHED                              Engage blockers, use of hands, forearms (flipper), pad under pad relationship, knee bender/sinks hips, separation, catcher vs attacker, body position, balance, stays on feet, low protect, slips blocks, run around, tie up with blocker, on the move in pursuit, use of hands through traffic, agility through trash, arm length, special awareness

VS INSIDE RUN                                  Strength at the point of attack, stack, defeat lead blocker, use of arms and hands to take on, control and shed block, hold ground on plays directly at him, scrape and fill hole, reaction to cut back, size, bulk, toughness, splatter, willingness to initiate contact

LEVERAGE/STRENGTH                  Knee bend/sink hips, play strength, flexibility, take on blockers at the point of attach (POA)

VS OUTSIDE RUN                              Range, speed, lateral quickness, pursuit to the boundary, make wide plays, step over trash, open field tackler, keeps leverage on ball without over running the play, pursuit angles, burst to finish plays, run down focus

LATERAL PURSUIT                          Quickness to shuffle, makes plays parallel to LOS, knee bend/sink hips

RANGE                                                   Distance covered after the ball is in the air, pursuit, effort, attitude, speed, anticipation, urgency

TACKLING                                           Type: hard hitter or grab and drag down, explosiveness, break-down, open field, wrap up arms, doesn’t give ground, likes and desires contact, arrives at the POA with authority, rise through the numbers, angle or head up, arm length, up the field tackler, attacks

ZONE COVERAGE                              Recognition and react, drop, turn and run ability, depth, quick feet, vision, speed, anticipation, adjust to the ball, body position, closing quickness, burst after final move, discipline, instincts

MAN TO MAN COVERAGE             Quickness, speed, hip flexibility with smooth turn, acceleration, catch-up speed, position to recover, timing, play the ball, handle TE’s and RB’s, use of hands

BALL REACTIONS                             What the defender does after the ball gets close to the receiver, knock-downs, interceptions, interference

HANDS                                                      Type: soft, stiff, body catcher, extend to the throw and frame, adjust, intercepts or knocks down catchable balls

PASS RUSH/DOGS                             Quick take off, use of hands, speed, strength, adjust on the move, change of direction (COD), burst to QB, timing, anticipation, type of moves (speed, vertical push, defeats blocker with leverage, acceleration off block, innate ability plus coaching, power rush, explosive first step, active off the edge, counter, battered balls

ACCELERATION                                  Burst to close, amount of time it takes to be at top speed, ability once you’re moving to get to a higher rate of speed

                                                                                  CRITICAL FACTORS

OUTSIDE BACKERS

SPEED                                                       40 time, burst, acceleration, catch-up speed to close

EXPLOSION                                               Force generated when delivering a blow, strength to strike, minimizing time-lapse between initial movement and contact, quick movement out of transition to break on ball, suddenness

QUICKNESS                                            Ability to move feet and body in rapid succession, ability to change direction suddenly, knee bender/hip sinker

TOUGHNESS                                           Degree of mental and physical hardness, aggressive, competitive, willingness to initiate contact, perform at a high level of competency regardless of situations or opponents intensity, plays through pain

MAN TO MAN COVERAGE                 Ability to individually engage on or off the line of scrimmage, hips, feet, COD

INSIDE BACKERS

KEY AND DIAGNOSE                          Football intelligence, ability to acquire and retain knowledge, ability to adjust and think on the move, instincts, reactions

SPEED                                                       40 time, burst, acceleration, catch up speed

EXPLOSION                                             Force generated when delivering a blow, strength to strike, minimizing time-lapse between initial movement and contact, quick movement out of transition to break on the ball, suddenness

TOUGHNESS                                          Degree of mental and physical hardness, aggressive, competitive, willingness to initiate contact, perform at a high level of competency regardless of situations or opponents intensity, plays through pain

QUICKNESS                                            Ability to move feet and torso rapidly, COD, knee bend/hip sink

In this series of structuring your roster we have first secured a quarterback and then addressed a pressure player and cover men that will also be an asset on special teams.  Some may argue that our next position should be receiver but we contend that protecting the quarterback and effectively being able to run the football take precedence.

When I was a young coach and a “wing-T guy” I was instructed to put our best offensive lineman at center.  Later in my career running the football continued to be a priority but throwing the football achieved us success and recognition.  Now the thought process is to put your best offensive linemen at the backside of your quarterback’s dominant hand at tackle and your second best at the dominant side guard position.  The philosophy is to protect from unseen pressure and to secure the throwing alley to which the ball is being launched.

When evaluating individual’s to play in the most choreographed and teammate reliant aspect of perhaps all sport, we look to mesh these qualities into a cohesive unit looking at these traits for;

                                                                                 OFFENSIVE LINEMEN

INITIAL QUICKNESS            Movement off the ball to gain advantage, first step, foot and hand speed

EXPLOSION                               Knee bender/sinks hips, not a waist bender, leg drive, roll hips, core strength, shock to punch, control and drive, surge, pancakes

RUN BLOCK INLINE              Type; (drive, hook, scoop, fan, double, slip, peel, trap, angle, cut-off), initial contact, leverage, feet, balance, sustain, visible shock when delivering a blow, explosion, finish block, follow through, combination blocks (double, fold, cross, etc.), ability to adjust and block different looks while maintaining balance, stays on feet, position (finesse) vs power, timing, vision

SUSTAIN/BALANCE               Base, feet, not overextended, ability to recover and regain positioning, ability to retain body control in the execution of various position fundamentals

BASE/LEVERAGE                    Solid lower body, flexibility and power, knee bender, difficult to knock off feet

CUT-OFF                                       Lateral agility and quickness to prevent and secure defenders pursuit away from the play, vs. slant move

PULL/TRAP                                 Initial step, adjust on the run, zero in on the target and strike, depth and approach, body control, kick-out or log, contact, follow through, finish, quickness, explosion

ADJUST ON THE MOVE        Change of direction, agility and body control, breakdown, zero in on moving target and strike, vision

BLOCK DOWNFIELD              Effort, hustle, make 2nd block, look for someone to hit 2nd and 3rd level, angle, adjust, sustain, work on air, throw too early and overextend, results

PASS BLOCK                               Stance, quick set, drop and angle, feet, base, balance, athletic ability, lateral slide, recovery quickness, mirror and shadow, shift weight, can sit back, tuck hips and explode, hand placement and usage, punch, pop and recoil, quick hands, lock out arms, recognize and adjust to various games, twists and stunts, ability to handle speed, quick and power rush, patient, not over-anxious or overly aggressive, no lunge or overextend, top-heavy, anchor, range, drop and anchor vs bull rush, shoulders square, head up, confidence

FOOT QUICKNESS                   Ability to move feet in rapid succession, lateral movement

RECOVER ABILITY                  Regarding reacting to an opponents movement, ability to regain body control and balance, get out of trouble, redirect and shift weight quickly to defeat opponent, pivot/turn and run

USE OF HANDS                         Quickness, stab, punch, placement, extension, 6 inch jab, control opponent

ANCHOR VS. POWER            Size, play strength, balance, base, punch, shock, drop weight

FINISH                                          Effort to complete the play, plays through the echo of the whistle, dominate opponent, competitive spirit, nasty streak

                                                                                                 CRITICAL FACTORS

SIZE                                                 Height and weight according to the chart and level of play

QUICKNESS                                Initial movement off the LOS and into blocks, set in pass pro, ability to move hands, arms, torso and feet in rapid succession

STRENGTH                                   Core strength, degree of strength exhibited in performance of duties (functional or play strength), weight room vs. on the field

BODY CONTROL                       Ability to quickly adjust body and shift weight to regain balance and get position on an opponent after being out of position initially

MENTAL                                      Football intelligence, learn and retain with limited reps, understand concepts, make mental adjustments on the move, awareness and alertness